E1 Treaty Trader or E2 Treaty Investor Visa Programs

Treaty Countries

E1 Treaty Trader or E2 Treaty Investor Visa ProgramsList of countries participating in the Treaty Trader (E1) or Treaty Investor (E2) visa programs.

Treaty Country Visa / Classification Effective Date
Albania E2 January 4, 1998
Argentina E1 October 20, 1994
Armenia E2 March 29, 1996
Australia E1 / E2 December 16, 1991 December 27, 1991
Austria E1 / E2 May 27, 1931
Azerbaijan E2 August 2, 2001
Bahrain E2 May 30, 2001
Bangladesh E2 July 25, 1989
Belgium E1 / E2 October 3, 1963
Bolivia E1 / E2 November 09, 1862 June 6, 2001
Bosnia & Herzegovina E1 / E2 November 15, 1882
Bulgaria E2 June 2, 1994
Cameroon E2 April 6, 1989
Canada E1 / E2 January 1, 1993
Chile E1 / E2 January 1, 2004
China (Taiwan) E1 / E2 November 30, 1948
Colombia E1 / E2 June 10, 1848
Congo (Brazzaville) E2 August 13, 1994
Congo (Kinshasa) E2 July 28, 1989
Costa Rica E1 / E2 May 26, 1852
Croatia E1 / E2 November 15, 1882
Czech Republic E2 January 1, 1993
Denmark E1 / E2 July 30, 1961 December 10, 2008
Ecuador E2 May 11, 1997
Egypt E2 June 27, 1992
Estonia E1 / E2 May 22, 1926 February 16, 1997
Ethiopia E1 / E2 October 8, 1953
Finland E1 / E2 August 10, 1934 December 1, 1992
France E1 / E2 December 21, 1960
Georgia E2 August 17, 1997
Germany E1 / E2 July 14, 1956
Greece E1 October 13, 1954
Grenada E2 March 3, 1989
Honduras E1 / E2 July 19, 1928
Iran E1 / E2 June 16, 1957
Ireland E1 / E2 September 14, 1950 November 18, 1992
Israel E1 April 3, 1954
Italy E1 / E2 July 26, 1949
Jamaica E2 March 7, 1997
Japan E1 / E2 October 30, 1953
Jordan E1 / E2 December 17, 2001
Kazakhstan E2 January 12, 1994
Korea (South) E1 / E2 November 7, 1957
Kosovo E1 / E2 November 15, 1882
Kyrgyzstan E2 January 12, 1994
Latvia E1 / E2 July 25, 1928 December 26, 1996
Liberia E2 November 21, 1939
Lithuania E2 November 22, 2001
Luxembourg E1 / E2 March 28, 1963
Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (FRY) E2 E2 November 15, 1882
Mexico E1 / E2 January 1, 1994
Moldova E2 November 25, 1994
Mongolia E2 January 1, 1997
Montenegro E1 / E2 November 15, 1882
Morocco E2 May 29, 1991
Netherlands E1 / E2 December 5, 1957
Norway E1 / E2 January 18, 1928
Oman E1 / E2 June 11, 1960
Pakistan E1 / E2 February 12, 1961
Panama E2 May 30, 1991
Paraguay E1 / E2 March 07, 1860
Philippines E1 / E2 September 6, 1955
Poland E1 / E2 August 6, 1994
Romania E2 January 15, 1994
Serbia E1 / E2 November 15,1882
Senegal E2 October 25, 1990
Singapore E1 / E2 January 1, 2004
Slovak Republic E2 January 1, 1993
Slovenia E1 / E2 November 15, 1882
Spain E1 / E2 April 14, 1903
Sri Lanka E2 May 1, 1993
Suriname E1 / E2 February 10, 1963
Sweden E1 / E2 February 20, 1992
Switzerland E1 / E2 November 08, 1855
Thailand E1 / E2 June 8, 1968
Togo E1 / E2 February 5, 1967
Trinidad & Tobago E2 December 26, 1996
Tunisia E2 February 7, 1993
Turkey E1 / E2 February 15, 1933 May 18, 1990
Ukraine E2 November 16, 1996
United Kingdom E1 / E2 July 03, 1815
Yugoslavia E1 / E2 November 15, 1882

 

Country Specific Criteria

China (Taiwan)

Pursuant to Section 6 of the Taiwan Relations Act, (TRA) Public Law 96-8, 93 Stat, 14, and Executive Order 12143, 44 F.R. 37191, this agreement which was concluded with the Taiwan authorities prior to January 01, 1979, is administered on a nongovernmental basis by the American Institute in Taiwan, a nonprofit District of Columbia corporation, and constitutes neither recognition of the Taiwan authorities nor the continuation of any official relationship with Taiwan.

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Czech Repubilc and Slovak Republic

The Treaty with the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic entered into force on December 19, 1992; entered into force for the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic as separate states on January 01, 1993.

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Denmark

The Treaty which entered into force on July 30, 1961, does not apply to Greenland.

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France

The Treaty which entered into force on December 21, 1960, applies to the departments of Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana and Reunion.

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Japan

The Treaty which entered into force on October 30, 1953, was made applicable to the Bonin Islands on June 26, 1968, and to the Ryukyu Islands on May 15, 1972.

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Netherlands

The Treaty which entered into force on December 05, 1957, is applicable to Aruba and Netherlands Antilles.

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Norway

The Treaty which entered into force on September 13, 1932, does not apply to Svalbard (Spitzbergen and certain lesser islands).

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Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia became the legal successor state to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006. All international treaties and agreements continue in force, including the 1988 UN Drug Convention, the 1961 UN Single Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol, the 1971 UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and its three protocols. Serbia has cooperative agreements with Slovenia, Croatia, and Bosnia- Herzegovina on issues relating to cross-border narcotics trafficking. Serbia signed a trilateral agreement with Romania and Bulgaria for counter narcotics cooperation in 2008. The Republic of Serbia is a party to the 2003 UN Convention against Corruption.

Spain

The Treaty which entered into force on April 14, 1903, is applicable to all territories.

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Suriname

The Treaty with the Netherlands which entered into force December 05, 1957, was made applicable to Suriname on February 10, 1963.

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United Kingdom

The Convention which entered into force on July 03, 1815, applies only to British territory in Europe (the British Isles (except the Republic of Ireland), the Channel Islands and Gibraltar) and to “inhabitants” of such territory. This term, as used in the Convention, means “one who resides actually and permanently in a given place, and has his domicile there.” Also, in order to qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty, the alien must be a national of the United Kingdom. Individuals having the nationality of members of the Commonwealth other than the United Kingdom do not qualify for treaty trader or treaty investor status under this treaty.

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Yugoslavia

The U.S. view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has dissolved and that the successors that formerly made up the SFRY — Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia continue to be bound by the treaty in force with the SFRY and the time of dissolution.

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