At a time when many states have chosen to enact legislation to drive away immigrants, the State of New York is taking significant steps to create a welcoming environment for immigrants. Governor Cuomo signed new legislation on August 6, 2014 designed to enhance the provision of immigration-related assistance in the State of New York. This legislation targets non-attorneys who provide immigration-related assistance by enacting stricter assistance-provider requirements including ensuring only attorney and non-attorney representatives authorized by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) can provide legal services, enhancing translation requirements, increasing civil penalties for violations, and prohibiting the use of titles designed to mislead the immigrant into believing the provider is an attorney or specialized professional. The goal is to ensure that immigrants do not fall prey to con artists who often engage in conduct that jeopardizes an immigrant’s future ability to qualify for immigration benefits and places the immigrant at risk of deportation from the United States while at the same time extracting significant sums of money from hardworking individuals. This legislation also provides for a new criminal offense called “immigration assistance fraud”, which can be either a misdemeanor or felony depending upon the amount of money involved. Another key component of this legislation is the designation of the New York State Office for New Americans, which provides support to New York's immigrant population, as a permanent executive office.